Thursday, August 27, 2020
Baum, S. Owen, S. , Oreck, B. We will compose a custom paper test on Understudies With Learning Disabilities In The Classroom Education Essay or then again any comparative point just for you Request Now ( 1997 ) . Transfering Individual Self-Regulation Procedures from Humanistic controls to Academics. Expressions Education Policy Review 98.4: 32 ( 1 ) . Recovered from General OneFile April 06, 2010. What is the article about? This article talks about the correlativity between students with larning disablements in the schoolroom and their capacity to productively utilize themselves in different nations of guidance. For what reason was the examination performed? The exploration was performed to demo that students could utilize self-guideline in humanistic orders guidance to their schoolroom surveies and could better their general guidance open introduction. Findingss This article investigates the exploration behind how students learn in the humanistic trains and how those techniques for bearing can be utilized to better guidance and instructor guidance. It has been indicated that solid humanistic controls bearing supports the improvement of single plans and numerous answers for occupations Qualities The article was separated into simple absorbable developments that were more clear and measure. Failings The plain arraies where non great created and were hard to follow doing the article less durable by and large. Conclusions for Practice Self-guideline happens when students screen definitely what they are making and contrast their progression with an inside measure and have at long last have confirmation in what they are making. This can be created by outside condition factors and keeping in mind that everybody can benefit from self-guideline it would be especially of import for this achievement to be instructed to underachieving understudies. Catchphrases Move and Society Reference Cote, P. ( 2006 ) . The intensity of move in the public arena and guidance: exercises gained from convention and development ; Rich move encounters, and the dynamic strained quality among convention and creation, flexibly a strong establishment for move guidance. JOPERD Ã¢â¬ The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation A ; Move 77.5: 24 ( 10 ) . Recovered from General OneFile April 06, 2010. What is the article about? This article tends to the connections among society and move guidance. The essayist takes a gander at how each collaborates and changes the other. She other than looks at move guidance instructor preparing plans and there results. For what reason was the exploration performed? The author presents the stuff on the balance of her experience and the capacity move played in her life played a major segment in her examination format and introduction. Findingss The author found that while considering her mature ages of find and learning her positions were affirmed that the fear of the humanistic orders advances over mature ages of life intimately with them. She indicates that move guidance advances association with the network and that future educators ought to create ventures which make cheerful schoolroom situations. This technique can get down during educator advancement and preparing. Qualities The essayist is extremely acquainted with the proficient undertaking as she was prepared as a terpsichorean and a move educator. She utilized that insight to form an in profundity overview on move in the public arena and its application in guidance. Failings With the essayist focusing totally on her encounters as a move instructor the article is constrained that experience and is coordinated more towards learning hit the dance floor with a littler point of convergence on guidance. Reasonings for Practice By creating move educators sufficiently the advantages to the students advances into all aspects of their lives non only through move. Watchwords Move and Society Reference DeMetz, K. ( 2007 ) . Toward a union of logical order and theater humanistic orders. Discussion on Public Policy: A Journal of the Oxford Round Table. Recovered April 06, 2010 from Academic OneFile. What is the article about? This diary article examines how logical order and the performance center humanistic controls, predominantly play and move, have shared an effective relationship that has generally profited society. For what reason was the examination performed? The examination was performed to demo how logical order and the auditorium look for very similar things. Findingss The essayist found that efficiently more than 2,000 mature ages at that spot has been a fruitful organization between logical control and the humanistic orders which should help in doing an example for interdisciplinary course of study in our present guidance framework. Qualities This article is great composed and leads the read from recorded discoveries of connections in logical order and the humanistic orders to increasingly current applications and findings for present day society. Failings In the event that you are new to logical control and the Laws of Motion, NewtonaaÃ¢â¬Å¡Ã¢ ¬aÃ¢â¬Å¾?s Laws, and so forth this article will accomplish for a befuddling read. Derivations for Practice Albeit a New York Times section was keening AmericaaaÃ¢â¬Å¡Ã¢ ¬aÃ¢â¬Å¾?s lack of education in the nations of logical control and math an ongoing review demonstrated that those students who considered the humanistic orders performed better in six classs of proficiency and basic idea achievements. These Numberss show an immediate correlativity between the humanistic trains and improved guidance benchmarks. Watchwords Move and Society Reference Kinderfather, K. , A ; Porter Hearn, C. ( 2010 ) .The National Dance Affiliation: the pioneer in move guidance: these are a portion of the manners by which NDA has influenced the universe of move guidance in the previous 25 mature ages. JOPERD Ã¢â¬ The Journal of Physical Instruction, Recreation A ; Dance 81.1: 40 ( 5 ) . Recovered April 06, 2010 from General OneFile. What is the article about? This article covers the varying manners by which the National Dance Association ( NDA ) has influenced the move network over a 25 twelvemonth period and audits future projects of the NDA to proceed to increase network and ways of life of people everything being equal. For what reason was the examination performed? This examination was performed to flexibly a precise diagram of the advantages that the NDA has given to the universe of move and the network and their in the future projects. Findingss NDA has contributed altogether to network guidance through move for people everything being equal and keeps on being after for the great beyond of move in the public eye. Qualities Gives a cluster of fundamental data on how move has generally been a bit of society and keeps on being a part of a solid establishment. Failings This diary article gives a wide diagram of what the NDA has achieved, however does non travel into any existent profundity. Derivations for Practice Re-upholds other diary articles and surveies that show move consolidated into society will proceed to benefit people everything being equal and help get ready students for todayaaÃ¢â¬Å¡Ã¢ ¬aÃ¢â¬Å¾?s society. Watchwords Move and Society Reference Monroe, J. E. ( 1995 ) . Creating social cognizance through dramatization. JOPERD Ã¢â¬ The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation A ; Move 66.8: 24 ( 4 ) . Recovered April 08, 2010 from General OneFile. What is the article about? The capacity of dramatization on the improvement of social qualities and how move can be joined into recreational plans in a way to increment social cognizance and network commitment. For what reason was the examination performed? This examination was performed to demo how socially play-based exercises have been the social balance to experience down or present qualities inside a network from coevals to coevals. Findingss Grown-ups advantage from the connection each piece much as the children do. This study indicated that show could gracefully the members the opportunity to investigate the word around them and let them to go all the more socially discerning of and tolerating of the assorted variety they are encircled by in their condition. Qualities This diary article audits a collection of signifiers of dramatization that would regard social awareness and worth based improvements each piece great as how to build up a socially based arrangement and who ought to be engaged with the advancement of those designs for maximal effectivity. Failings The article covers a wide grouping of opportunities for social put together awareness non centered with respect to move altogether. Inclines more towards play then again of using move as a focussed, committed signifier of look that benefits society and social decent variety and cognizance. Findings for Practice By coordinating play-based exercises and move you can flexibly a multicultural worth framework which will pressure belief of contrasts between social frameworks. This would incorporate helping to build up a constructive inner self picture for those people who might be generally influenced by bigotry. Catchphrases Move and Society The most effective method to refer to Students With Learning Disabilities In The Classroom Education Essay, Essay models
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Natural instruction is a procedure of learning and educating of ecological ideas and practices which increments peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s mindfulness about the earth. It principally centers around formation of information and comprehension of the earth and its difficulties. It likewise centers around production of abilities to relieve ecological issues which are emerging step by step and gives a discussion to existing natural information to be worked out. We will compose a custom paper test on Instruction and Sustainable Development or on the other hand any comparative subject just for you Request Now Its targets are production of mindfulness and helping individuals to build up an inspirational disposition towards ecological training. Status of natural instruction in Kenya In Kenya today, ecological training has empowered students to assume a major job in natural protection measures. A model is the Green Belt Movement which has more than 600 network arranges across Kenya which alongside different systems have taken an interest in planting in excess of 30 million trees on private and open land, secured holds, destinations with social importance and urban focuses. This has brought about the change of numerous scenes (woods, rest inclines and other corrupted zones) and security and rebuilding of living spaces for neighborhood biodiversity (plants and creatures). Numerous people group work with the Green Belt Movement to preserve and collect water all the more viably through development of dams made of sand. That gathered water is utilized for family needs, food harvests and tree nurseries. A related program with the Green Belt Movement Kenya improves food security I. e. he limit of families to take care of themselves, by advancing planting of organic product trees and indigenous nourishments including sweet potatoes, cassava and arrowroots. In Kenya today, numerous notable activities including ecological training have been propelled with the goal that individuals could recognize the wellsprings of their issues including poor use and the board of their condition and poor administration at nearby and national levels. They at that point distinguis h answers for those issues thus helping in keeping up a stable ecological state. Natural instruction has been a dependable supporter for ecological and human rights by testing damaging or nonsensical activities by the past Kenyan governments and energizing Kenyans to the reason. Through its support and municipal instruction battles, natural training has been instrumental in carrying ecological issues to the Kenyan approach makersÃ¢â¬â¢ consideration and has delighted in critical achievement most strikingly the insurance from wanton devastation of Uhuru Park and Karura Forest, both in Nairobi. This has been accomplished through the Green Belt Movement. Ecological instruction ought to inspect significant issues locally and globally. As of now in Kenya, a specific part of natural training, The Green Belt Movement, has opened the LangÃ¢â¬â¢ata Learning Center in Nairobi which keeps on offering ecological instruction through trade programs that open taking part gatherings to network biodiversity issues through conversations with neighborhood pioneers and outings to chose regions around the nation. Through its Pan African Green Belt Network, the Green Belt Movement has prepared delegates from 15 African nations. Therefore, a few tree planting activities have been built up in East and Central Africa and in the west. Ecological instruction in Kenya today has advanced collaboration among a lot of individuals. Various individuals meet up in joint activities to plant trees or fabricate dams. They additionally participate in joining in and holding courses and workshops to talk about differing ecological issues. Thusly, individuals can tune in to each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts and recommendations henceforth empowering trade of information and aptitudes. They likewise get an opportunity to move and help each other as they offer a listening ear. Today, natural training is progressively turning into a ceaseless procedure with such a large number of ecological preservation estimates been conceived and worked out. There in this way emerges the need to teach individuals on completing these practices. It is likewise being made nonstop by the expanding natural corruption in our general public. Individuals are chopping down trees thoughtlessly and dirtying nature at an exceptionally quick rate. Thus, natural training is being done persistently to battle these evil propensities. This is being done through activities, for example, the Green Belt Movement. Natural training has taken a major thought being developed and government designs in Kenya today. The administration has wanted to fabricate numerous enterprises, clinical offices, oil processing plants and electronic producers. All these will produce risky squanders to nature. Different developments to moderate the earth have as of late sharpened the administration on the need to establish the two motivations and order and control measures to guarantee that enterprises that create risky waste arrange them off dependably. Chances of natural instruction Since ecological instruction should empower students to effectively assume a job in natural protection, it ought to play a part in empowering examination and proliferation of dry spell safe yields, for example, cassava, millet and sorghum so as to guarantee food security. This is especially significant given that environmental change is probably going to event an undeniably higher rate of yield disappointment. Ecological instruction ought to likewise have an accentuation on empowering proliferation of indigenous tree species. In spite of the fact that these improve tree species and are better ready to withstand natural stuns, they are impressively under-used in agroforestry. It ought to demoralize unlawful logging of trees to meet timber and charcoal needs. This will be finished by empowering the development of Community Forest Associations (CFAs) in accordance with the specifications of the Forests Act and enable them to take part in maintainable backwoods the executives. CFAs should be illustrative of the networks that live contiguous the backwoods and incorporate ladies and underestimated networks and have severe standards and techniques that forestall their allocation by the nearby predominant gatherings. Ecological instruction ought to consider natural perspectives in significant turn of events and government plans. It in this way has the chance to sharpen the commencement of a scope of vitality part changes that will prompt interest in spotless and moderate wellsprings of sustainable power source, for example, sun based, wind and biogas and in that facilitates the gigantic weight applied on the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s decreasing timberlands and forests for wood fuel. Difficulties of natural instruction Environmental training has experienced the absence of investment among social gatherings and people. Studies have indicated that the vast majority officially instructed put forth little attempts in guaranteeing that they assume liability of the earth. This prompts information picked up from ecological training being smothered and may not get actualized and spread to different people. Gatherings may think that its pointless because of absence of motivating forces to take an interest in ecological training. The absence of exhaustive procedures is another test confronting ecological instruction in Kenya. Kenya has not concentrated much on between linkages between nature and practical turn of events. The earth has been generally seen in an incredible detail from the biophysical see however with less accentuation on the financial and social point of view. This has prompted less participatory ways to deal with natural instruction consequently upsetting its turn of events. There exists a negative disposition among certain people towards ecological training. A few people are dubious about ecological training as they dread it might influence their everyday living by e. g. keeping them from logging, utilization of synthetic substances on crops e. t. c. This welcomes an awful picture on natural training particularly on less instructed people. The applicable government specialists are for the most part underfunded in their endeavors to carry ecological training to the front line. The administration distributes more assets to different services and offices that are believed to carry moment comes back to the economy, for example, horticulture and the travel industry and in this manner subverts services, for example, condition. This makes it incapable to support sharpening ventures dependent on natural training. There is absence of enough labor to attempt ventures concerning ecological instruction. Individuals for the most part in country regions may wind up not getting the significant data concerning their condition though they are the individuals legitimately in contact with regular assets, for example, waterways, woodlands e. . c. This enormously subverts the spread of ecological training in the nation and is a gigantic test. In specific cases, there may be deficient data on the dangers that nature appearances to the individuals. Hypothetical lessons may not be adequate to persuade people on why they have to embrace certain measures to forestall ecological de basement and advance supportable turn of events. Reasonable contextual investigations may must be completed to persuade students enough on dangers on the earth. Step by step instructions to refer to Education and Sustainable Development, Essay models
Friday, August 21, 2020
Paper Example The Omnivores Dilemma Paper Example: The Omnivoreâs Dilemma The omnivoreâs dilemma has come back with retaliation as the abundance of the recent American superstore and fast-food outlet face us with puzzling and treacherous food scenery. What is at risk in our eating preferences is not only for our own wellbeing and our offspring wellbeing, but also for the wellbeing of the surroundings. The features that initially appeared to be a rationalized process of tackling excess corn and hastening the practice of fattening beef cattle contrary caused pollution, harmful waste, and lethal pathogens. Additionally, these risk the existence of many cows and human beings. The easy biological process gives cows chance to live off grass; this also makes them live absolutely well. Forcing cows to live off corn is going against nature and unhealthy. Human beings may fail to care about a cowâs life when using the excess antibiotics to speed up the fattening process at an inexpensive price. The beef obtained from such cows cause diseases or death because of the antibiotic resistant superbug. The same corn that is used to fatten up the beef cattle, adds saturated fat to the human body. Nearly all antibiotics traded in America at the present end up in animal fodder. If we allow them survive as expected off of grass, their exposure to diseases would be minimal and they would be less capable of passing that on to man hence both man and cow would be healthy. The technicality in processing corn as cow feed is long and secretive. The end result of producing all the diverse commodities is almost zero waste. The disposable water can still be recycled to make animal fodder. The whole process appears green considering this point of view. Contrary, corn is the major ingredient of margarine, Tang and Cool Whip are all food imitators that can only provide nourishment but they cannot really sustain human. There has been great effort to fight the excess use of corn by looking for new and potentially hazardous usage of corn. Early in nineteenth century, an abundance of corn was used in excess worldwide. The corn was produced to whiskey for easy transportation, and to last longer . Nowadays, people are capable of creating numerous things than just whiskey. Instead of getting drunk, they eat different foodstuffs. Large numbers of Americans are overweight and a good number is obese. People may wonder the reason behind turning corn into high fructose corn syrup. Craving for sweet foodstuffs exceed peopleâs concentration on their healthy living. This has enabled the production of over seventeen billion pounds of high fructose corn syrup every year. Plenty of this is consumed as soft drinks. This has resulted in increased calories in peopleâs body. It is probably appropriate to select a high visibility food chain as the fundamental nature of the industrial diet. Fast food meal as stated in Michaelâs hypothesizes have turned out to be kind of a comfort food. This is supported by the fact that, it is easy to get a fast food chain despite the location. Humans have tested and altered foodstuffs for the better, but also for the worse. This is through adding salt, spices, and sugar, of which are harmful to our health, but sweetens the food.
Monday, May 25, 2020
Overview Principally authored by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and presented in Seneca Falls, New York on July 19, 1848 at the first WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Rights Convention, The Declaration of Sentiments outlined a series of grievances resulting from the marginalization of women and proposed eleven resolutions, arguing that women had the right to equality in all aspects of their lives. The Declaration generated widespread ridicule and even hostility particularly from religious leaders and members of the press and even some members of the growing womenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights movement distanced themselves from the document for its controversial inclusion of a resolution supporting womenÃ¢â¬â¢s right to vote. Modeled after the Declaration of Independence, Stanton connected the nascent campaign for womenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights with a well-known American symbol of liberty while underscoring the point that while the Declaration of Independence was all-inclusive, its language specifically excluded women. Stanton presented the Declaration to a crowd of three hundred men and women. The women s declaration detailed specific injustices: their lack of property and divorce rights, their exclusion from public participation in religion and education, and their entire disenfranchisement, including psychological oppression. StantonÃ¢â¬â¢s document was also a call to action, petitioning more women to organize similar conventions throughout the country. The Declaration of Sentiments was the first thorough statement of womenÃ¢â¬â¢s complaintsShow MoreRelatedThe Declaration Of Independence By Elizabeth Cady Stanton937 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesOppressed and suffering from female discrimination, Women s Rights activist, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, wrote the declaration of Sentiments to declare independence for women from men. Stanton articulates how all men and women are created equal, in her declaration she outlines the injustices towards women by men in eighteen charges against the male dominant society. By modeli ng the declaration after Jefferson s Declaration of Independents she creates a patriotic tone in order to pursued all womenRead MoreThe Original Riot Grrrls By Elizabeth Cady Stanton1385 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshave taken control of their opinions and used their strong-will to make the necessary changes in American society. During the Seneca Falls Convention, Elizabeth Cady Stanton exclaimed in her address, Ã¢â¬Å"The right is ours. The question now is: how shall we get possession of what rightfully belongs to us,Ã¢â¬ (Stanton). The leaders, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott of the Seneca Falls Convention, along with other female leaders, displayed civil disobedience, provided powerful lectures, and organizedRead MoreEssay on Elizabeth Cady Stantons Fight for Equality 1252 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesElizabeth Cady Stanton was not just a mother, daughter, feminist, and writer; but she is the woman who changed the lives of women everywhere by fighting for equality. Stanton lived a normal childhood, but one that motivated her to never give up hope in reaching her goal. A quick background of her life will help better understand why she became such a powerful womanÃ¢â¬â¢s rights activist. Also, what she accomplished that changed history and how it still affects us today in 2011. I will also express myRead MoreElizabeth Cady Stanton s Declaration Of Sentiments And Resolutions Essay1405 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesA Call to Women, a Call to All Elizabeth Cady Stanton fought tirelessly against inequality between men and women, an issue that still plagues this nation. From her first address to her last, Elizabeth was the voice of the womenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights movement. She lectured across the nation and publically debated the unjust laws of her day (Ã¢â¬Å"Elizabeth Cady StantonÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ). Two of her more prominent and potent speeches were Ã¢â¬Å"Declaration of Sentiments and ResolutionsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Solitude of SelfÃ¢â¬ . These speeches served asRead MoreSeneca Falls The First Women s Rights Convention937 Words Ã |Ã 4 PageswomenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights convention in the United States. The convention took place at the Wesleyan Chapel in Seneca Falls, NY, on July 19, 1848 (Seneca Falls Convention Begins). This convention was organized by two abolitionist named Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton with the help of Martha Wright, Mary Ann McClintock, and Jane Hunt. They posted the announcement in the Seneca County Couri er on July 14, 1848. The message said Ã¢â¬Å"A Convention to discuss the social, civil, and religious conditions and rightsRead MoreSeneca Falls Research Paper1471 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswomen. Women such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Coffin Mott helped to kickstart the innovative ideas produced before and through the convention. The Wesleyan Methodist Church in Seneca Falls was the site of the first womens rights convention in the United States. The meeting took place on July 19-20, 1848.1 On the first day, only women were permitted to speak, and men joined in on the second day.2 The convention was really started by Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Stanton was born in JohnstownRead MoreGrace Kirby. Trahan. English 8. 3/22/17. Elizabeth Cady904 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGrace Kirby Trahan English 8 3/22/17 Elizabeth Cady Stanton and the Fight for WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Rights In the early 1800 s women were expected to stay in the home and care for the children. They were not allowed to vote or own property. The women were also expected to care for their husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s needs. When a woman entered into marriage she lost her rights to speak for herself and she could not work for wages outside the home. A shift in the societal environment for women started with an idea of equality whichRead More Comparing Elizabeth StantonÃ¢â¬â¢s Declaration of Sentiments and The WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Bible2339 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesElizabeth Cady StantonÃ¢â¬â¢s Declaration of Sentiments and The WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Bible Ã Ã Ã Ã Elizabeth Cady Stanton was one of the most renowned women to lead campaigns for womenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights. Her efforts were focused on opportunities for women, for married womenÃ¢â¬â¢s property rights, the right to divorce, and the right to custody of children; her most radical demand was for womenÃ¢â¬â¢s right to vote (Davidson and Wagner-Martin 845). In general Stanton wished to instill independence and self-reliance in all womenRead MoreElizabeth Cady Stanton s Declaration Of Sentiments1249 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMy paper will include Elizabeth Cady Stanton and what made her set out to start the Women s Rights Movement with her friend Susan B Anthony. Elizabeth became an early leader for the women s rights movements, writing the Ã¢â¬Å"Declaration of SentimentsÃ¢â¬ as a sign for equal rights for women.In every soul there is bound up some truth and some error, and each gives to the world of thought what no other one possesses.Ã¢â¬âCousin. Elizabeth Cady Stanton was born on November 12, 1815 in Johnstown New York.Read MoreEffects Of Oppression On African Americans740 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"What the Slave is the Fourth of JulyÃ¢â¬ in which he said, Ã¢â¬Å"The rich inheritance of justice, liberty, prosperity, and independence, bequeathed by your fathers, is shared by you, not by me.Ã¢â¬ (Douglass 290) Furthermore, Douglass is stating that not everyone got the liberty that and independence that others did, as well as their family and friends. Justice, liberty, prosperity, and independence only applied to white people, not African Americans. Again, this is one of the many reasons why Douglass faced oppression
Thursday, May 14, 2020
In November 1916, Allied leaders again met at Chantilly to devise plans for the coming year. In their discussions, they determined to renew the fighting on the 1916 Somme battlefield as well as mount an offensive in Flanders designed to clear the Germans from the Belgian coast. These plans were quickly altered when General Robert Nivelle replaced General Joseph Joffre as commander-in-chief of the French Army. One of the heroes of Verdun, Nivelle was an artillery officer who believed that saturation bombardment coupled with creeping barrages could destroy the enemys defenses creating rupture and allowing Allied troops to break through to the open ground in the German rear. As the shattered landscape of the Somme did not offer suitable ground for these tactics, the Allied plan for 1917 came to resemble that of 1915, with offensives planned for Arras in the north and the Aisne in the south. While the Allies debated strategy, the Germans were planning to change their position. Arriving in the West in August 1916, General Paul von Hindenburg and his chief lieutenant, General Erich Ludendorff, began construction of a new set of entrenchments behind the Somme. Formidable in scale and depth, this new Hindenburg Line reduced the length of the German position in France, freeing ten divisions for service elsewhere. Completed in January 1917, German troops began shifting back to the new line in March. Watching the Germans withdraw, Allied troops followed in their wake and constructed a new set of trenches opposite the Hindenburg Line. Fortunately for Nivelle, this movement did not affect the areas targeted for offensive operations (Map). America Enters the Fray In the wake of the Lusitania sinking in 1915, President Woodrow Wilson had demanded that Germany cease its policy of unrestricted submarine warfare. Though the Germans had complied with this, Wilson began efforts to bring the combatants to the negotiating table in 1916. Working through his emissary Colonel Edward House, Wilson even offered the Allies American military intervention if they would accept his conditions for a peace conference before the Germans. Despite this, the United States remained decidedly isolationist at the beginning of 1917 and its citizens were not eager to join what was seen as a European war. Two events in January 1917 set in motion a series of events which brought the nation into the conflict. The first of these was the Zimmermann Telegram which was made public in the United States on March 1. Transmitted in January, the telegram was a message from German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann to the government of Mexico seeking a military alliance in event of war with the United States. In return for attacking the United States, Mexico was promised the return of territory lost during the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), including Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona, as well as substantial financial assistance. Intercepted by British naval intelligence and the US State Department, the contents of the message caused widespread outrage among the American people. On December 22, 1916, the Chief of Staff of the Kaiserliche Marine, Admiral Henning von Holtzendorff issued a memorandum calling for the resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare. Arguing that victory could only be achieved by attacking Britains maritime supply lines, he was quickly supported by von Hindenburg and Ludendorff. In January 1917, they convinced Kaiser Wilhelm II that the approach was worth the risk of a break with the United States and submarine attacks resumed on February 1. The American reaction was swift and more severe than anticipated in Berlin. On February 26, Wilson asked Congress for permission to arm American merchant ships. In mid-March, three American ships were sunk by German submarines. A direct challenge, Wilson went before a special session of Congress on April 2 declaring that the submarine campaign was a war against all nations and asked that war be declared with Germany. This request was granted on April 6 and subsequent declarations of war were issu ed against Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria. Mobilizing for War Though the United States had joined the fight, it would be some time before American troops could be fielded in large numbers. Numbering only 108,000 men in April 1917, the US Army began a rapid expansion as volunteers enlisted in large numbers and a selective draft instituted. Despite this, it was decided to immediately dispatch an American Expeditionary Force composed of one division and two Marine brigades to France. Command of the new AEF was given to General John J. Pershing. Possessing the second-largest battle fleet in the world, the American naval contribution was more immediate as US battleships joined the British Grand Fleet at Scapa Flow, giving the Allies a decisive and permanent numerical advantage at sea. The U-boat War As the United States mobilized for war, Germany began its U-boat campaign in earnest. In lobbying for unrestricted submarine warfare, Holtzendorff had estimated that sinking 600,000 tons per month for five months would cripple Britain. Rampaging across the Atlantic, his submarines crossed the threshold in April when they sunk 860,334 tons. Desperately seeking to avert disaster, the British Admiralty tried a variety of approaches to stem the losses, including Q ships which were warships disguised as merchantmen. Though initially resisted by the Admiralty, a system of convoys was implemented in late April. The expansion of this system led to reduced losses as the year progressed. While not eliminated, convoys, the expansion of air operations, and mine barriers worked to mitigate the U-boat threat for the remainder of the war. The Battle of Arras On April 9, the commander of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig, opened theÃ offensive at Arras. Beginning a week earlier than Nivelles push to the south, it was hoped that Haigs attack would draw German troops away from the French front. Having conducted extensive planning and preparation, the British troops achieved great success on the first day of the offensive. Most notable was the swift capture of Vimy Ridge by General Julian Byngs Canadian Corps. Though advances were achieved, planned pauses in the attack hampered the exploitation of successful assaults. The next day, German reserves appeared on the battlefield and fighting intensified. By April 23, the battle had devolved into the type of attritional stalemate that had become typical of the Western Front. Under pressure to support Nivelles efforts, Haig pressed the offensive as casualties mounted. Finally, on May 23, the battle was brought to an end. Though Vimy Ridge had been taken, the strateg ic situation had not changed dramatically. The Nivelle Offensive To the south, the Germans faired better against Nivelle. Aware that an offensive was coming due to captured documents and loose French talk, the Germans had shifted additional reserves to the area behind the Chemin des Dames ridge in Aisne. In addition, they employed a system of flexible defense which removed the bulk of the defensive troops from the front lines. Having promised victory within forty-eight hours, Nivelle sent his men forward through rain and sleet on April 16. Pressing up the wooded ridge, his men were not able to keep up with the creeping barrage that was intended to protect them. Meeting increasingly heavy resistance, the advance slowed as heavy casualties were sustained. Advancing no more than 600 yards on the first day, the offensive soon became a bloody disaster (Map). By the end of the fifth day, 130,000 casualties (29,000 dead) had been sustained and Nivelle abandoned the attack having advanced around four miles on a sixteen-mile front. For his failure, he was relieved on April 29 and replaced byÃ General Philippe PÃ ©tain. Discontent in the French Ranks In the wake of the failed Nivelle Offensive, a series of mutinies broke out in the French ranks. Though more along the lines of military strikes than traditional mutinies, the unrest manifested itself when fifty-four French divisions (nearly half the army) refused to the return to the front. In those divisions which were affected, there was no violence between the officers and men, simply unwillingness on the part of the rank and file to maintain the status quo. Demands from the mutineers generally were characterized by requests for more leave, better food, better treatment for their families, and a halt to offensive operations. Though known for his abrupt personality, PÃ ©tain recognized the severity of the crisis and took a soft hand. Though unable to openly state that offensive operations would be halted, he implied that this would be the case. In addition, he promised more regular and frequent leave, as well as implementing a defense in depth system which required fewer troops in the front lines. While his officers worked to win back the mens obedience, efforts were made to round up the ringleaders. All told, 3,427 men were court-martialed for their roles in the mutinies with forty-nine executed for their crimes. Much to PÃ ©tains fortune, the Germans never detected the crisis and remained quiet along the French front. By August, PÃ ©tain felt confident enough to conduct minor offensive operations near Verdun, but much to the mens pleasure, no major French offensive occurred prior to July 1918. The British Carry the Load With French forces effectively incapacitated, the British were forced to bear the responsibility for keeping the pressure on the Germans. In the days after the Chemin des Dames debacle, Haig began seeking a way to relieve pressure on the French. He found his answer in plans that General Sir Herbert Plumer had been developing for capturing Messines Ridge near Ypres. Calling for extensive mining under the ridge, the plan was approved and Plumer opened theÃ Battle of MessinesÃ on June 7. Following a preliminary bombardment, explosives in the mines were detonated vaporizing part of the German front. Swarming forward, Plumers men took the ridge and rapidly achieved the operations objectives. Repelling German counterattacks, British forces built new defensive lines to hold their gains. Concluding on June 14, Messines was one of the few clear-cut victories achieved by either side on the Western Front (Map). The Third Battle of Ypres (Battle of Passchendaele) With the success at Messines, Haig sought to revive his plan for an offensive through the center of the Ypres salient. Intended to first capture the village of Passchendaele,Ã the offensiveÃ was to break through the German lines and clear them from the coast. In planning the operation, Haig was opposed Prime Minister David Lloyd George who increasingly wished to husband British resources and await the arrival of large numbers of American troops before launching any major offensives on the Western Front. With the support of Georges principal military advisor, General Sir William Robertson, Haig was finally able to secure approval. Opening the battle on July 31, British troops attempted to secure the Gheluvelt Plateau. Subsequent attacks were mounted against Pilckem Ridge and Langemarck. The battlefield, which was largely reclaimed land, soon degenerated into a vast sea of mud as seasonal rains moved through the area. Though the advance was slow, new bite and hold tactics allowed the British to gain ground. These called for short advances supported by massive amounts of artillery. Employment of these tactics secured objectives such as the Menin Road, Polygon Wood, and Broodseinde. Pressing on despite heavy losses and criticism from London, Haig secured Passchendaele on November 6. Fighting subsided four days later (Map). The Third Battle of Ypres became a symbol of the conflicts grinding, attritional warfare and many have debated the need for the offensive. In the fighting, the British had made a maximum effort, sustained over 240,000 casualties, and failed to breach the German defenses. While these losses coul d not be replaced, the Germans had forces in the East to make good their losses. The Battle of Cambrai With the fighting for Passchendaele devolving into a bloody stalemate, Haig approved a plan presented by General Sir Julian Byng for aÃ combined attack against CambraiÃ by the Third Army and the Tank Corps. A new weapon, tanks have not previously been massed in large numbers for an assault. Utilizing a new artillery scheme, Third Army achieved surprise over the Germans on November 20 and made quick gains. Though achieving their initial objectives, Byngs men had difficulty exploiting the success as reinforcements had trouble reaching the front. By the next day, German reserves began arriving and fighting intensified. British troops fought a bitter battle to take control of Bourlon Ridge and by November 28 began digging in to defend their gains. Two days later, German troops, utilizing stormtrooper infiltration tactics, launched a massive counterattack. While the British fought hard to defend the ridge in the north, the Germans made gains in the south. When the fighting ended on De cember 6, the battle had become a draw with each side gaining and losing about the same amount of territory. The fighting at Cambrai effectively brought operations on the Western Front to a close for the winter (Map). In Italy To the south in Italy, the forces of General Luigi Cadorna continued attacks in the Isonzo Valley. Fought in May-June 1917, the Tenth Battle of the Isonzo and gained little ground. Not to be dissuaded, he opened the Eleventh Battle on August 19. Focusing on the Bainsizza Plateau, Italian forces made some gains but could not dislodge the Austro-Hungarian defenders. Suffering 160,000 casualties, the battle badly depleted Austrian forces on the Italian front (Map). Seeking help, Emperor Karl sought reinforcements from Germany. These were forthcoming and soon a total of thirty-five divisions opposed Cadorna. Through years of fighting, the Italians had taken much of the valley, but the Austrians still held two bridgeheads across the river. Utilizing these crossings, German General Otto von Below attacked on October 24, with his troops employing stormtrooper tactics and poison gas. Known as theÃ Battle of Caporetto, von Belows forces broke into the rear of the Italian Second Army and cau sed Cadornas entire position to collapse. Forced into headlong retreat, the Italians attempted to make a stand at the Tagliamento River but were forced back when the Germans bridged it on November 2. Continuing the retreat, the Italians finally halted behind the Piave River. In achieving his victory, von Below advanced eighty miles and had taken 275,000 prisoners. Revolution in Russia The beginning of 1917 saw troops in the Russian ranks expressing many of the same complaints offered by the French later that year. In the rear, the Russian economy had reached a full war footing, but the boom that resulted brought about rapid inflation and led to the break down of the economy and infrastructure. As food supplies in Petrograd dwindled, unrest increased leading to mass demonstrations and a revolt by the Tsars Guards. At his headquarters in Mogilev, Tsar Nicholas II was initially unconcerned by events in the capital. Beginning on March 8, the February Revolution (Russia still used the Julian calendar) saw the rise of a Provisional Government in Petrograd. Ultimately convinced to abdicate, he stepped down on March 15 and nominated his brother Grand Duke Michael to succeed him. This offer was refused and the Provisional Government took power. Willing to continue the war, this government, in conjunction with the local Soviets, soon appointed Alexander Kerensky Minister of War. Naming General Aleksei Brusilov Chief of Staff, Kerensky worked to restore the spirit of the army. On June 18, the Kerensky Offensive began with Russian troops striking the Austrians with the goal of reaching Lemberg. For the first two days, the Russians advanced before the lead units, believing they had done their part, halted. Reserve units refused to move forward to take their place and mass desertions began (Map). As the Provisional Government faltered at the front, it came under attack from the rear from returning extremists such as Vladimir Lenin. Aided by the Germans, Lenin had arrived back in Russia on April 3. Lenin immediately began speaking at Bolshevik meetings and preaching a program of non-cooperation with the Provisional Government, nationalization, and an end to the war. As the Russian army began to melt away at the front, the Germans took advantage and conducted offensive operations in the north which culminated in the capture of Riga. Becoming prime minister in July, Kerensky sacked Brusilov and replaced him with anti-German General Lavr Kornilov. On August 25, Kornilov ordered troops to occupy Petrograd and disperse the Soviet. Calling for military reforms, including the abolition of Soldiers Soviets and political regiments, Kornilov grew in popularity with Russian moderates. Ultimately maneuvered into attempting a coup, he was removed after its failure. With Kornilovs defeat, Kerensky and the Provisional Government effectively lost their power as Lenin and the Bolsheviks were in the ascent. On November 7, the October Revolution began which saw the Bolsheviks seize power. Taking control, Lenin formed a new government and immediately called for a three-month armistice. Peace in the East Initially wary of dealing with the revolutionaries, the Germans and Austrians finally agreed to meet with Lenins representatives in December. Opening peace negotiations at Brest-Litovsk, the Germans demanded independence for Poland and Lithuania, while the Bolsheviks wished for peace without annexations or indemnities. Though in a weak position, the Bolsheviks continued to stall. Frustrated, the Germans announced in February that they would suspend the armistice unless their terms were accepted and take as much of Russia as they desired. On February 18, German forces began advancing. Meeting no resistance, they seized much of the Baltic countries, Ukraine, and Belarus. Panic-struck, Bolshevik leaders ordered their delegation to accept Germanys terms immediately. While theÃ Treaty of Brest-LitovskÃ took Russia out of the war, it cost the nation 290,000 square miles of territory, as well as a quarter of its population and industrial resources.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
ST.AUGUSTINE UNIVERSITY OF TANZANIA FACULTY OF EDUCATION DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATION AN ASSESMENT OF TEACHERSÃ¢â¬â¢ ATTITUDES TOWARDS THE PROPOSED REVISION OF CORPORAL PUNISHMENT IN TANZANIAN SECONDARY SCHOOLS. A CASE STUDY OF NYAMAGANA DISTRICT A RESEARCH REPORT SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY OF EDUCATION IN PARTIAL FULFULMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE AWARD OF THE BACHELOR OF ART WITH EDUCATION AT ST. AUGUSTINE UNIVERSITY OY TANZANIA. BY INNOCENT SULLEY BAED, 25598 APRIL 2012. CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION Corporal punishment is conflicting and confusing issue as it is discussed with different views, by individual people, organizations, and conclusion is not reached up to this moment, so it isÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In South Africa in the 1970s student organizations began to demand the end of Corporal Punishment [Department o f Education, 2000]Corporal Punishment was viewed as abuse in the classroom and by the 1980s Ã¢â¬Å"Education Without FearÃ¢â¬ was a slogan developed by learners , educators and parents to campaign against the hitting of the children [Department of Education, 2002]. The use of Corporal Punishment persisted until the change in 1994. In America, a poll conducted by ABC news titled Ã¢â¬Å"Support for spankingÃ¢â¬ was found that sixty-five of Americans approval for spanking .Although only 26%[percent] say that grade schools teachers should be allowed to spank kids at school [www.seach.abcnews.go.com/query.html] Also according to Flynn (1884) Southern Rhodesia of the USA have favorable attitudes towards Corporal Punishment and 81%support its use. Pakistan Corporal Punishment exist in school nearly 143 years. For now it is banned although teachers are still taking it in negative way. Several Movements have been made as Ã¢â¬Å"The International Movements to burn Corporal PunishmentÃ¢â¬ and The barn of Corporal Punishment in South African Schools. In Tanzania the issue of Corporal Punishment was allowedShow MoreRelatedLife and Legacy of Napoleon Bonaparte2033 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pageswould be accompanied by a girl named Giacominetta and held her hand during these strolls. His fellow students noticed his affectionate behavior and formed a rhyme to humiliate him. The classmates said Ã¢â¬Å"Napoleone di mezza calzetta, fa lÃ¢â¬â¢amore a Giacominetta.Ã¢â¬ This juvenile rhyme means Ã¢â¬Å"Napoleon with his socks half way down, makes love to Giacominetta. Subsequently he would run off after the students and fight them, each time his fiery temper would get the best of him. Despite getting in fights Napoleon
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Dr. Madison, inventor and owner of Madison corrosion treatment, has discovered that ordinary mufflers and pipes, when treated with his patented process, will become permanently impervious to corrosion. To reap the rewards from his ingenuity, he has opened rust belt mufflers, a chain of 30 corporate owned muffler shops. Rust belts unconditionally warrant all of its muffler and pipe installation for the life of the vehicle. From minor adjustments to complete replacement, a rust belt customer must be a satisfied customer!Although rust beltÃ¢â¬â¢s service has become the rage of the great lakes, profits have been unimpressive. Simon one of MadisonÃ¢â¬â¢s employees, scolds his boss: Ã¢â¬Å"here you are, with the greatest competitive advantage in the history of muffler service, doing no better than any of your rivals. Ã¢â¬Å" Madison retorts, Ã¢â¬Å"I m devoted to science, not business. As long as the enterprise is profitable. I will not interfere with my shop managers. We will write a custom essay sample on Rust Belt Mufflers or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Ã¢â¬ Simon says that the profitability problem is due to squandering of resources by shop managers.The products superior price, strong demand and MadisonÃ¢â¬â¢s policy of benign neglect have given managers a virtual blank check when it comes to expenditures. Simon says that MadisonÃ¢â¬â¢s solution is to reduce costs by monitoring shop performance via a standard cost system. Due in large part to early childhood conditioning. Madison does as Simon says. Each rust belt shop provides two services: 1. Replacement of non Madison mufflers and pipes with modern Madison mufflers and pipes. 2. Warranty replacement of defective Madison mufflers and pipes with new Madison mufflers and pipes.These services require materials( including corrosion treatment) and direct labor. Materials purchases, installation procedures, and labor allocation are strictly the responsibility of each individual shop manager. Since Madison mufflers and pipes are merely ordinary mufflers and pipes that are treated with MadisonÃ¢â¬â¢s corrosion process, shop managers purchase mufflers and pipes from any supplier of their choosing. Corrosion treatment is done at each shop. After careful study, Madison adopts the following cost standards per installation.